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  What’s Myopia?  
  A person with myopia can see near objects more clearly than far ones and needs to wear spectacles to correct this. Myopia is usually caused by an eyeball that is too long. Far objects are focused in front of the retina and are therefore seen as blurred images.  
  What’s High Myopia?  
  Myopia is not only about wearing glasses. People with higher degrees of myopia also have a greater risk of complications that can cause blindness. These complications occur later on in life after the age of 4O. Examples of these are: a tear in the retina, detachment of the retina from the back of the eye and bleeding into the retina (macular degeneration). These may cause a person to see spots, shadows, flashes of light, or suffer from blurred vision. Anyone who experiences these symptoms should see an eye specialist without delay.  
  What’s Hypermetropia?  
  A long-sighted person may experience difficulty focusing on both near and far objects but suffers greater blurred vision with near objects. Hypermetropia is usually caused by an eyeball that is too short which causes objects to be focused behind the retina.  
  What’s Presbyopia?  
  This is a condition usually affecting people over the age of 4O. This causes difficulty in reading and other close-up work. It occurs at a younger age in long-sighted people. Reading spectacles are then required. Bifocal, multifocal or progressive lenses may be prescribed. Presbyopia is due to the lens of the eye becoming less elastic and being less able to change its shape to focus on near objects.  
  What’s Astigmatism?  
  This is usually caused when the cornea is not equally curved in all directions. It can occur in healthy people or it can be the result of a corneal disease, an injury or a scar. It is treated with spectacles or contact lenses.  
  What Is A Cataract?  
  A cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens is a clear disc within the eyeball. It is normally transparent and is situated behind the pupil. It focuses incoming light rays to form a sharp, distinct image onto the retina, similar to the way a camera lens focuses an image onto film.

A cataract is like a dirty or cloudy camera lens. It blocks light rays from entering the eye, thus blurring vision.

A cataract is neither a tumor nor an abnormal growth of tissue in the eye. It is due to physical changes in the contents of the lens, resulting in its clouding. It is easily detected with specialised instruments used by doctors.

  What Is Retinal Detachment?  
  A retinal detachment is a separation of the retina from the back wall of the eye. When there is a tear of the retina, liquid from the vitreous may pass through the tear, and detach the retina. As the fluid accumulates, the retinal detachment becomes larger. Detached areas of the retina loses its function and is damaged.  
  What Is Glaucoma?  
  Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can lead to damage to the eye's optic nerve and result in blindness. It is caused by increased intraocular pressure (IOP) resulting either from a malformation or malfunction of the eye's drainage structure.

Glaucoma is frequently referred to as the “SNEK THIEF OF SIGHT” because IT PROGRESS WITHOUT OBVIOUS SYMPTOMS.

  What Is Lazy Eye?  
  Lazy eye is diagnosed when sight is still poor after any refractive error has been corrected with spectacles and there is no other problem with the eye.

The brain needs stimulation of sharp pictures from the eyes to develop fully during childhood. Anything that causes blurred images in the eye will result in the respective part of the brain used for seeing to remain undeveloped. This eye will not see well because to see clearly, one needs an eye that can form sharp pictures as well as a developed portion of the brain that is able to read these pictures. Even if the eye's condition is fully corrected later in life, vision will not recover because the brain only develops in early childhood.